The early stages of drug discovery research, which include the identification of a relevant biological target and a viable lead compound with therapeutic potential, play a crucial role in the overall success of a drug candidate in both preclinical and clinical studies. It is also important to note that the process of drug discovery is extremely demanding, both in terms of capital and time. In fact, the overall amount spent in R&D initiatives in the pharmaceutical / biotechnology sector has increased from around USD 128 billion in 2008 to USD 165 billion in 2018. Moreover, only a small fraction of early stage therapeutic candidates are able to make it past preclinical evaluation. According to a study conducted on terminated drug development programs, the high rate of failure of drugs in clinical trials was primarily attributed to problems associated with their pharmacokinetic profiles, absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties and inherent toxicity. As a result, the industry is currently under tremendous pressure to not only meet the expectations of a growing patient population, but to also identify ways to mitigate the risks associated with discovery programs of novel drug / therapy molecules.
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Pharmaceutical packaging plays a key role in ensuring the sterility and quality of a drug product, while providing information related to its identity and, in certain cases, dosing instructions as well. ..
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